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Example of thermographic printing. The uneven excellent of the textual content is a result of the technique and effortlessly differentiates thermographic printing from embossing

Main article: Thermographic printing

Thermographic printing is a system that involves numerous degrees but can be applied in a low-price manufacturing process. The manner includes printing the desired designs or text with an ink that stays wet, as opposed to drying on contact with the paper. The paper is then dusted with a powdered polymer that clings to the ink. The paper is vacuumed or agitated, robotically or by using hand, to get rid of excess powder, after which heated to near combustion. The moist ink and polymer bond and dry, ensuing in a raised print floor just like the end result of an engraving technique.




Example of an embossed design

Embossing is a printing approach used to create raised surfaces within the converted paper inventory. The process is based upon mated dies that press the paper right into a form that can be observed on both the back and front surfaces. Two things are required all through the system of embossing- a die and a stock. The end result is a 3-dimensional (3-D) impact that emphasizes a specific vicinity of the design.




Example of a brass engraving plate, displaying heavy put on. The plate is hand or gadget engraved, inked, and forced into paper at extremely excessive pressures.

Main article: Engraving

Engraving is a method that requires a design to be cut right into a plate made of surprisingly hard fabric. The metallic plate is first polished so that the design cut can be without problems visible to the individual papelería. This generation has a long records and calls for a enormous quantity of skill, revel in, and understanding. The completed plate is normally covered in ink, and then the ink is removed from all of the un-etched portions of the plate. The plate is then pressed into paper underneath enormous stress. The result is a design this is barely raised on the floor of the paper and protected in ink. Due to the cost of the process and expertise required, many clients choose thermographic printing, a process that effects in a in addition raised print surface, however thru exceptional approach at less value.